MPhil vs MBA – Difference and Comparison

What is MPhil?

MPhil is a research-based postgraduate degree program. It stands for “Master of Philosophy” and is a two-year program equivalent to an advanced Master’s degree. It is a higher-level degree than the traditional Master’s degree, and students who take this course are expected to be highly knowledgeable in their field of study.

An MPhil program includes a combination of coursework, research, and a dissertation. The coursework component of an MPhil program is developed to give students a strong foundation in their chosen field so that they are equipped to conduct research in an advanced and independent manner.

The research component involves conducting a deep exploration of a selected area of research, and the dissertation allows students to demonstrate their understanding of the area and to communicate their findings. An MPhil program is most pursued by those interested in continuing to pursue a Ph.D.

MPhil programs are offered in various fields. Generally, a student must have an undergraduate degree in the same area as the MPhil program and demonstrate a solid academic record. MPhil is an excellent option for those pursuing a higher-level degree and gaining advanced knowledge in their chosen field.

What is MBA?

Master of Business Administration (MBA) is a prevalent and in-demand advanced degree for business professionals and entrepreneurs. An MBA is a two-year program that provides a comprehensive, in-depth education in business management and organizational leadership. An MBA can give an individual the knowledge, skills, and confidence to become a successful business leader in any field.

An MBA degree focuses on business operations management and teaches students how to apply theoretical concepts to real-world situations. MBA courses cover various topics, including accounting, finance, marketing, human resources, operations management, and strategic planning. It also provides students with the opportunity to develop specialized knowledge and experience in areas such as healthcare, technology, entrepreneurship, and international business.

The primary goal of an MBA program is to prepare students to become influential business leaders. Students gain the knowledge and skills to develop and implement successful business strategies, as well as the ability to evaluate and manage risk and uncertainty. students learn how to lead and manage teams and organizations effectively.

An MBA can benefit potential employers by providing a comprehensive understanding of business principles and giving the student a competitive edge over other applicants. It also allows students to specialize in a particular area of interest and develop their skills.

Difference Between MPhil and MBA

  1. MPhil (Master of Philosophy) is a research-based degree, while an MBA (Master of Business Administration) is a professional degree.
  2. MPhil is mainly focused on research, while MBA focuses on the practical application of business principles.
  3. MPhil students work under the guidance of a supervisor, while MBA students are more independent.
  4. MPhil mainly focuses on academic knowledge, while MBA focuses on practical knowledge.
  5. MPhil students are expected to have a deep knowledge of a particular field, while MBA students are expected to have a broad understanding of multiple areas.

Comparison Between MPhil and MBA

Parameters of ComparisonMPhilMBA
DurationMPhil requires 2-3 years to complete.MBA requires 1-2 years to complete.
CurriculumMPhil programs are more research-oriented.MBA programs are more focused on business theory and practice.
AdmissionsMPhil programs may not require standardized testing.  MBA programs require GMAT or GRE scores.
Career OpportunitiesMPhil programs are better suited for pursuing a career in academia or research.MBA programs are geared toward preparing students for business careers.
CertificationMPhil leads to a higher academic degree.MBA leads to a professional qualification.


  1. The Postgraduate Research Handbook: Succeed with your MA, MPhil, EdD, and Ph.D. – Gina Wisker – Google Books
  2. To MBA or not to MBA | Emerald Insight