NFC vs RFID vs QR Code – Difference and Comparison

What is NFC?

A technology that enables short-range wireless communication between two compatible devices is Near Field Communication (NFC). It is a technology that uses radio frequency identification (RFID) to send and receive data between two devices.

NFC is used in many applications, such as contactless payments, data sharing, and access control. It uses a very low-power radio frequency to communicate between two devices. NFC is a very secure technology as it only operates when both devices are close.

NFC is used in many applications, such as contactless payments, data sharing, and access control. NFC-enabled devices can share data by simply tapping them together and are used for various tasks, such as sharing music, photos, or even contact information.

What is RFID?

Radio Frequency Identification is a method that uses radio waves to identify items. It is used to store and retrieve information from tags attached to objects. The tags are encoded with a unique serial number and other data that an RFID reader can read.

RFID has many applications in many industries, from retail to manufacturing. It is also be used for inventory management, asset tracking, and security.

RFID technology offers several advantages over traditional barcodes. It is faster and more accurate than barcode scanning and can store more data than barcodes. It also allows for remote tracking of objects, eliminating the need to scan each item physically. RFID is becoming increasingly popular due to its wide range of uses, accuracy, and convenience.

What is QR Code?

QR codes, or Quick Response codes, can store alphanumeric information. They store data such as URLs, contact info, and other data. They are designed to be scanned by smartphones and other devices, allowing users to access the data stored in the code quickly. QR codes are used on product packaging, billboards, and other marketing materials. 

Due to their adaptability and convenience of use, QR codes are growing in popularity. They can be scanned quickly and easily and store large amounts of data in a compact space. They are also cost-effective, relatively cheap to produce, and can be used multiple times.

They are also becoming increasingly popular with businesses, as they can be used to quickly and easily share information with customers and clients. 

Difference Between NFC, RFID, and QR Code

  1. NFC is a short-range technology, whereas RFID can be used from a greater distance. QR Codes also require devices to be close together to be scanned.
  2. NFC requires two-way communication, whereas RFID and QR Codes only require one-way communication.
  3. RFID tags can store more data than NFC and QR codes.
  4. RFID is much faster than NFC and QR codes, which require a user to be scanned manually.
  5. QR codes need to be visible to be read, while RFID and NFC tags are hidden from view.
  6. QR codes can be scanned from any direction, while RFID and NFC tags must be oriented correctly for the reader to work.

Comparison Between NFC, RFID, and QR Code

Parameters of comparisonNFCRFIDQR Code
Functionalityenables two-way communicationuses radio waves to transmit datastores data in a matrix barcode
SecurityProvides secure communicationTags can be read from a distanceAny device can read it with a camera
SpeedQuickest transmission time in millisecondsSlower than NFC but still relatively fastslowest transmission time and can take up to a few seconds to process
Ideal forfor contactless payments and data exchangefor tracking inventory or logging access to a secure areafor sharing links, contact information, or small amounts of data
Used forto unlock doors or authenticate secure paymentsstore personal informationfor authentication and secure payments


  1. NFC Devices: Security and Privacy | IEEE Conference Publication | IEEE Xplore
  2. Interactive Multimedia – Google Books