C++ vs Java – Difference and Comparison

What is C++?

C++ is a programming language that comes from the origin of early C languages. The novelty that came with C++ is the introduction of classes and objects. C++ has considered an intermediate-level language, and it contains the features of both high and low-level languages. The earlier name of C++ was C with classes. C++ works with a mere compiler and offers computability with C source code. The core feature of C++ is that it allows object-oriented programming.

The object-oriented nature of C++ makes it stand out among other C languages. This specialty of C++ allows it to use objects during programming to implement a number of real-time problems, ranging from data abstraction to data hiding. C++ is simpler than other languages, so its pattern is easy to decipher by those who want to learn a new programming language. C++ has a syntax that is pretty identical to that of C. C++ is closely comprehensible to a standard human language.

C++ is a multipurpose language with a wide array of applications. It is used in building operation systems. As a matter of fact, Mac OS X is largely based on C++, while many software products by Microsoft, including Internet Explorer, are written in this language. C++ closely relates to the hardware components of a system; therefore, it is used as a preferred choice by game developers. It is also used to program GUI applications and web browsers.

What is Java?

Java is a globally used programming language that was developed by Sun Microsystems. Canadian computer scientist James Gosling led a team of scientists to develop a language that would allow electronic devices to communicate. Java has a number of advantages when it comes to the feasibility and workability of a programming language. On top of all benefits of Java comes its simplicity. Java’s syntax is comprehensible and easy to learn – even for amateur programmers.

Java is object-oriented in its nature, implying that software made of Java is a delicate combination of different objects and other technical mechanisms. This quality of Java makes it conducive to convenient software development. Java is platform-independent, meaning a program written in Java can be run on various platforms. Java ensures effective memory management and evades many security issues in a program.

Java can be used in various applications. Java is widely used in mobile app development. The famous IDE Android Studio uses Java to make mobile-based applications. Applications that are made using Java involve many top-rated everyday applications, e.g., Twitter. Java is the underlying programming structure of many cloud applications. Different IoT applications also use Java.

Difference Between C++ and Java

  1. C++ was made by Bjarne Stroustrup, whereas Java was developed by James Gosling.
  2. C++ is platform-dependent, whereas Java is platform-independent.
  3. C++ only uses a compiler, whereas Java employs both a compiler and an interpreter.
  4. C++ offers manual memory management, whereas Java is controlled by a proper built-in system.
  5. C++ is both an object-oriented and procedural language, whereas Java is only object-oriented.

Comparison Between C++ and Java

Parameters of ComparisonC++Java
FounderBjarne StroustrupJames Gosling
Platform RequirementPlatform DependentPlatform Independent
Compilation Tool(s)CompilerCompiler & Interpreter
Memory ManagementBuilt-in ManagementManual Management
Nature of LanguageObject-oriented & ProceduralObject-oriented


  1. https://www.csee.umbc.edu/courses/undergraduate/CMSC331/resources/papers/Stroustrup%20-%201999%20-%20An%20Overview%20of%20the%20C%20Programming%20Language-annotated.pdf
  2. https://www.acs.ase.ro/Media/Default/documents/java/ClaudiuVinte/books/ArnoldGoslingHolmes06.pdf