Difference Between Bibliography and Conclusion

What is Bibliography?

A bibliography is a list of sources one has used or referred to in researching and writing a paper or other written work. It is an essential part of any written work, as it allows the reader to track down sources used in the creation and verify the accuracy of the content. Bibliographical entries can include books, journal articles, reports, webpages, and other sources of information.

When writing a bibliography, it is essential to follow the accepted format for the type of work being done. For example, a bibliography for a book may include the author, title, publisher, place of publication, and date of publication. When writing a bibliography for an article or journal article, the format may include the author, title, journal name, volume, issue number, and publication date.

In some cases, additional information such as the publisher, DOI number, and page numbers may also be included. In addition to listing the sources used in the written word, a bibliography can provide additional information about the sources listed. A bibliography can consist of a brief description of the source material, an evaluation, or an explanation of the head used in the written work.

What is the Conclusion?

The conclusion is the final part of any piece of writing. It is the essential part of an essay, article, or speech and often the part readers remember the most. It is typically used to summarize the essay’s main points and bring closure to the discussion.

A firm conclusion should leave the reader with a lasting impression. It should suggest that the essay has ended and that all the points have been addressed. It should also tie up any loose ends and provide an answer to the main question posed in the essay. When writing a conclusion, it is essential to review the main points discussed throughout the paper. These points should be outlined and reinforced to help the readers understand the main issues.

Finally, a conclusion should be written with the same level of thought and care as the rest of the paper. It should be concise and to the point and have a maximum of a few paragraphs helping to ensure that the reader is energized when reading the conclusion.

 In conclusion, a firm conclusion is an essential component of any piece of writing. It should summarize the main points and tie up loose ends.

Difference Between Bibliography and Conclusion

  1. A bibliography is a list of sources conferred and included in the research process, while a conclusion is a statement of the main findings, implications, and recommendations.
  2. A bibliography is typically organized alphabetically by the author, while a conclusion is generally structured in paragraph form.
  3. A bibliography contains references to books, articles, websites, and other sources, while a conclusion contains only the writer’s own words.
  4. A bibliography provides information about the sources used, while a conclusion summarizes the entire paper.
  5. A bibliography does not discuss the author’s opinion, while a conclusion usually does.

Comparison Between Bibliography and Conclusion

Parameters of ComparisonBibliographyConclusion
PurposeBibliography lists sources used in a research paper.The Conclusion summarizes the main points and arguments of the paper.
StructureThe bibliography is written in a specific format.The Conclusion can be written in whatever structure best suits the paper.
StyleThe bibliography is usually written in the same style as the paper.The Conclusion can be written in various types.
Length of SourcesA bibliography typically includes sources of various lengths.The Conclusion typically contains a single source.
PositionThe bibliography is typically put at the end of the paper.The conclusion generally is placed at the end of each section.


  1. Bibliography (degruyter.com)
  2. Fredric Jameson, Reflections in conclusion – PhilPapers