Public Sector vs Joint Sector – Difference and Comparison

What is Public Sector?

The portion of the economy known as the public sector comprises businesses owned and run by the government. It provides services that are either free or available at a subsidized rate. Examples of public sector organizations include public schools, police departments, fire departments, public parks, public libraries, and public transportation. The public sector is a significant provider of jobs in many countries.

 The public sector provides the essential infrastructure, health care, and social welfare services. The public sector is essential in promoting economic growth and social justice. Government-funded initiatives can help to create jobs and spur economic activity.

Government-funded programs can also ensure that all citizens can access essential services, such as education and healthcare. Finally, the public sector can help to ensure fairness and equality by providing resources and programs that benefit disadvantaged groups.

The public sector can also be a source of inefficiency and waste. Since market forces do not drive public sector organizations, they need more incentives to be efficient and effective. Despite these challenges, the public sector remains an integral part of the economy in many countries. It is essential in providing services, creating jobs, and promoting economic growth and social justice.

What is Joint Sector?

Joint Sector, also known as a public-private partnership (PPP), is an arrangement in which a private organization and a government entity partner to deliver a public service or undertake a development project. The government provides financial and policy support to the project, while the private entity provides technical and management expertise. The government and private sector share the project’s costs, risks, and rewards. 

Joint sector projects are implemented in areas where the government needs more resources, technical expertise, or other factors to undertake the project. These projects are in various industries, such as infrastructure, energy, and health care. 

The primary benefit of joint sector projects is that they allow the government to access expertise, resources, and capital that may have yet to be available. Additionally, they can accelerate the development of projects that would otherwise take years to complete. 

Joint sector projects can also reduce the government’s financial burden by allowing private entities to share the costs and risks associated with the project. They also provide an opportunity for the private sector to benefit from the project and to gain experience in the public sector. Finally, joint sector projects can provide a platform for public-private collaboration and exchange of knowledge and resources.

Difference Between Public Sector and Joint Sector

  1. The public sector requires less investment than the joint sector as the government provides funding.
  2. The public sector has lower profit margins than the joint sector, which has higher profit margins.
  3. The public sector is generally less efficient than the joint sector as it is often bureaucratic and slow to adapt.
  4. The public sector is slower to innovate than the joint sector as it is not subjected to the same competitive pressures.
  5. The joint sector is more flexible than the public sector as it can make changes quickly to meet changing market needs.

Comparison Between Public Sector and Joint Sector

Parameters of ComparisonPublic SectorJoint Sector
OwnershipThe government owns the public sector.The government and private companies jointly own Joint Sector.  
ControlUnder the control of the government.The government and private companies share control.
RiskIt has lower risk as the government provides protection.Riskier as it is exposed to fluctuating market conditions.
Performance Evaluationevaluated based on social objectives.Evaluated based on economic objectives.  
Public Interestexpected to serve the public interestmay not necessarily serve the public interest


  1. MANAGING THE PUBLIC SECTOR | Office of Justice Programs (
  2. Joint Sector: Guidelines for Policy on JSTOR