Difference Between Plant Cell and Animal Cell

What is Plant Cell?

A plant cell is a type of cell that is unique to plants. Plant cells are distinguished from other types of cells by a number of features, including the presence of a cell wall. The cell wall is a tough, rigid structure that surrounds the plant cell and helps to protect it. Plant cells are responsible for a number of important functions, including photosynthesis and cell growth. Plant cells also contain chloroplasts, which are organelles that are used to capture sunlight and into chemical energy that the plant can use for growth and development.

Plant cells are generally larger than animal cells and have a number of unique organelles. The most notable difference between plant and animal cells is the presence of a cell wall. The cell wall is a rigid structure that helps support the plant cell and gives it its shape.

The plant cell is surrounded by the cell wall, a strong, stiff structure that protects it. Cellulose, a kind of carbohydrate, makes up the cell wall. The strength of the cell wall is due to the substance cellulose, which is robust. The plant cell wall also prevents water loss within the cell.

What is Animal Cell?

Animal cells are distinguished from plant cells by several features, including the absence of a cell wall. Animal cells do not have a cell wall, which allows them to change shape. Animal cells also lack chloroplasts, which are organelles that are used to capture sunlight and convert it into food for the plant. Animal cells are typically smaller than plant cells, and they have several specialized organelles, such as lysosomes and centrioles. They have a number of organelles that are unique to them, including a nucleus.

Animal cells are the basic units of life for animals and perform all the necessary functions for the organism to live, grow, and reproduce. The type of cell known as an animal cell is unique to the tissues of multicellular animals. With a membrane-bound nucleus, mitochondria, lysosomes, a Golgi apparatus, and microfilaments, animal cells are eukaryotic cells. There are several ways that animal cells can be separated from plant cells.

First, unlike plant cells, which have hard cell walls that give them their shape and aid in protecting them from their surroundings, animal cells do not have cell walls. Comparing surface area to volume, animal cells typically have a higher ratio than plant cells. Robert Hooke published the first explanation of animal cells in 1665.

Difference Between Plant Cell and Animal Cell

Plant cells and animal cells differ from one another in several ways. First, unlike plant cells, which have hard cell walls that give them their shape and aid in protecting them from their surroundings, animal cells do not have cell walls. The cellulose-based cell wall is a stiff framework that surrounds the plant cell and offers support and protection.

Animal cells do contain a cell membrane but not a cell wall. A thin, pliable barrier protects the animal cell called the cell membrane, which regulates what enters and exits the cell.

Second, animal cells lack chloroplasts and other photosynthetic organelles; plant cells have chloroplasts that enable them to carry out photosynthesis.

Third, animal cells are about 10 times the size of bacteria and can vary widely in shape; plant cells are typically much more significant than bacteria and have a more regular shape.

Comparison Between Plant Cell and Animal Cell

Parameter of ComparisonPlant CellAnimal Cell  
Cellular CompositionShaped as a square or rectangle         Spherical or irregular
Cell Wall  Present  Absent  
PlasmaYes ExistsYes Exists
NucleusLocated on one side the cellLocated in the center of the cell
LysosomesRarely exists  Exists            
Nutritional ModeAutotrophic in natureHeterotrophic

References

  1. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11191-006-9029-7
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/024849009090280G