# Kinematic vs Dynamic Viscosity – Difference and Comparison

## What is Kinematic Viscosity?

What is kinematic viscosity? In simple terms, it’s the viscosity of fluid without regard to the fluid’s actual viscosity. It’s measured in units of viscosity, such as centipoise (cP) or stoke (St), and is determined by the fluid’s density and velocity.

Kinematic viscosity is a measure of the resistance fluids offer when being moved. It can be thought of as a fluid’s “thickness,” or how much it resists being moved. This has a lot of applications in engineering, especially hydraulics. In fact, kinematic viscosity is sometimes referred to as “hydraulic fluid viscosity.

”Kinematic viscosity is a measure of how thick a fluid feels under pressure. It’s a way of describing the movement of particles that make up fluid and is used when talking about liquids or gases. Because kinematic viscosity is a unitless quantity, it can be difficult to understand how it relates to viscosity. It’s easier to think of kinematic viscosity as a measurement of how fast a fluid flows under pressure.

Kinematic viscosity, sometimes called absolute viscosity, is a measure of the viscosity of fluid without reference to the direction of the flow. It is the ratio of a fluid’s shear stress to its velocity. It is analogous to dynamic viscosity, which is a measure of a fluid’s viscosity with reference to the direction of the flow. It is the ratio of a fluid’s density to its velocity and is expressed in units of centimetres per second (cm/s).

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## What is Dynamic Viscosity?

Dynamic viscosity is the measure of a fluid’s resistance to flow. It’s a material property that can be used to distinguish between liquids and gases. The viscosity of a liquid increases as its temperature increases, whereas the viscosity of a gas decreases as its temperature increases. You can discover more about the fascinating world of viscosity in our dedicated learning section.

The viscosity of a liquid is a measure of how difficult it is to make it flow. Viscosity is a material property and is not dependent on how much of the liquid you have. The viscosity of a liquid changes depending on the temperature and the pressure that it is under. The viscosity of a liquid also changes depending on the type of liquid that it is.

Dynamic viscosity is an engineering term used to describe the viscosity of a fluid when it is under pressure. It’s the measure of a fluid’s resistance to flow, or how thick it feels. The viscosity of a fluid depends on the material it’s made from, and how much pressure it’s under. The viscosity of a fluid is normally measured in units called poises, which are equivalent to millimetres of water per second.

## Difference Between Kinematic Viscosity and Dynamic Viscosity

1. Kinemtic Viscosity is defined as the quotient of the shear stress (force per area) applied to the fluid and the resultant shear strain (rate of deformation) across a cross-sectional area. Whereas, dynamic viscosity It is a measurement of how difficult the fluid is to move, in comparison to a liquid with similar properties.
2. Kinematic viscosity is a measure of a fluid’s ability to resist shear stress. On a contrary, Dynamic viscosity is a measure of a fluid’s resistance to motion.
3. Kinematic viscosity is defined as the reciprocal of the fluid’s speed. On the other hand, dynamic viscosity is defined as the torque required to apply a unifying force across a given area.
4. Kinematic Viscosity’s SI unit is m2 s−1. While, m−1 s−1 is the SI unit of dynamic viscosity.
5. Kinematic Viscosity’s physical unit is stokes (St). While, Pascal-second (Pa s) is the physical unit of dynamic viscosity.
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