Bank Guarantee vs Solvency Certificate – Difference and Comparison

What is Bank Guarantee?

A bank guarantee is a security from a bank that it will make good on a customer’s debt if it cannot do so. It is a form of financial security that can be used in various situations. Bank guarantees are used to secure a loan, lease, or other contractual obligations.

A bank guarantee is an accord between the bank and a customer that outlines specific terms and conditions related to the customer’s loan obligation. It is a promise from the bank that it will cover the debt if the customer is unable to make payments.

When a bank guarantee is issued, the customer must provide some form of collateral to the bank. This collateral may include property, cash, or other assets. The bank then holds the collateral until the loan is repaid. If the customer cannot repay their loan, the bank can use the collateral to recover their money. Bank guarantees are used as a form of security for a loan or other contractual obligation and can reduce the risk for the lender or other parties involved. It also assures the customer that the loan or other obligation will be debt entire even if they cannot make the payments.

What is Solvency Certificate?

A solvency certificate is a document issued by an auditor, accountant, or financial institution to certify that an entity has sufficient funds to cover its obligations for a certain period. It is issued to a company’s creditors to show that the company is financially solvent and has the means to pay off its debts on time.

A solvency certificate is essential to demonstrate a business’s financial stability. It contains detailed information about the company’s financial position, such as its assets, liabilities, cash flow, and liquidity. The certificate also includes a statement of solvency, which is a declaration by the issuer that the company has enough funds to cover its debts.

Creditors require solvency certificates when assessing a borrower’s creditworthiness. Investors and other stakeholders can also use them to evaluate the company’s financial health. A solvency certificate may be required by law for a business to obtain specific licenses or permits.

Difference Between Bank Guarantee and Solvency Certificate

  1. A Bank Guarantee is a contract given by a bank to a customer or third party on behalf of a customer. At the same time, a Solvency Certificate is a certificate attesting to the financial stability of a business or individual.
  2. A Bank Guarantee is issued for a specific period, while a Solvency Certificate can be renewed periodically.
  3. A Bank Guarantee covers a specific amount of money, while a Solvency Certificate encompasses a wide range of financial obligations.
  4. A Bank Guarantee is backed by a bank’s assets, while the issuer’s assets support a Solvency Certificate.
  5. A Bank Guarantee may be revoked by the bank at any time, while a Solvency Certificate is valid until the issuer revokes it.

Comparison Between Bank Guarantee and Solvency Certificate

Parameters of ComparisonBank GuaranteeSolvency Certificate
Issued byA bank issues it.It is issued by an external independent professional.
Used toIt is used to secure payment of a debt.They are used to certify that a person or company is financially solvent.
TypeA contractual agreement between a bank and a customer.A statement of assurance from a third party.
Monetary valueIt is for a specific amount of money and is subject to interest.It does not include any monetary value and is not subject to any interest.
FunctionsA form of security to protect the interests of the beneficiary.A statement of assurance to demonstrate financial stability and soundness.


  1. Legal Nature of an Independent (Bank) Guarantee – ProQuest
  2. solvency certificate – Google Scholar