African vs Asian Elephants – Difference and Comparison

What are African Elephants?

African elephants are one of the largest land animals on earth and are native to the African continent. They are an iconic species, recognizable for their large size and impressive tusks.

African elephants are a vital part of the African landscape, playing an essential role in the environment and the lives of many other species. They can live up to 70 years and weigh between 4,000 and 7,000 kilograms. They have large ears, which help them to regulate their body temperature, and a long trunk that they use to grab things, spray water, and communicate with other elephants. Their tusks are ivory and can grow up to 3 meters long.

African elephants are herbivores, meaning that they feed on plants and foliage. They consume various plants, fruits, and bark and can eat up to 300 kgs of food in one day. They require large amounts of water to survive and travel long distances searching for water sources.

African elephants are social animals and live in large herds of up to 100 individuals. A dominant female leads the herds, and the elephants work together to protect and care for each other. They use their trunks to communicate and make various sounds and are known to be brilliant and emotional animals.

African elephants are threatened by poaching, habitat loss, and human conflict.

What are Asian Elephants?

Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) are the largest land mammals in Asia and are an iconic symbol of the continent’s wildlife. They are found in India, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, and China.

The Asian elephant is smaller than its counterpart, but it still grows to a formidable size of up to 10 feet tall and weighs up to 6 tons. Asian elephants have a distinctive shape: a large, curved back and a small head. The ears are much smaller than those of African elephants, and their skin is darker.

 The diet of Asian elephants consists mainly of grasses, leaves, bark, fruit, and other vegetation, and they also eat small animals such as birds, rodents, and fish. Asian elephants are highly social and live in herds of up to 100 individuals.

A matriarch leads the herds, and the group comprises related females, juveniles, and calves. Asian elephants are threatened by habitat destruction due to human activities such as logging and agricultural expansion. They are also poached for their ivory and skins and are sometimes killed in retaliation for raiding crops. In addition, many Asian elephants are kept in captivity and used for entertainment.

Difference Between African and Asian Elephants

  1. African elephants have tusks, while Asian elephants have a single finger-like projection at the end of their trunk.
  2. African elephants have a more rectangular head than Asian elephants, which have a more rounded head.
  3. African elephants have two finger-like projections at the end of their trunk, while Asian elephants have one.
  4. African elephants live in savannah and forest habitats, while Asian elephants live in tropical rainforests and dry deciduous forests.
  5. African elephants are more aggressive than Asian elephants.

Comparison Between African and Asian Elephants

Parameters of comparisonAfrican ElephantAsian Elephant
Life SpanObserved to live up to 70 yearsIt has a life span of 40 to 50 years
ToenailsThey have four toenails on the front feet and three on the backThey have five on the front and four on the back
LocationAfricaSouth and Southeast Asia
Skin ColorGrey skinBrown skin
BackConvex backConclave back


  1. A Comparison of Social Organization in Asian Elephants and African Savannah Elephants | SpringerLink
  2. Human-conflict-with-African-and-Asian-elephants-and-associated-conservation-dilemmas.pdf (