Difference Between Developed Countries and Developing Countries

In today’s global landscape, a stark contrast exists between developed and developing countries. Developed nations boast advanced infrastructure, robust economies, and high living standards, offering their citizens access to top-notch healthcare, education, and technology. On the flip side, developing countries grapple with limited resources, economic challenges, and face obstacles in providing basic services to their populations.

Developed Countries vs Developing Countries

Comparison Chart

Parameter of ComparisonDeveloped CountriesDeveloping Countries
Economic DevelopmentHigh GDP per capita, diversified economyLower GDP per capita, focus on primary industries (agriculture, mining) or limited number of industries
Political StabilityStable governments, strong democratic institutionsPolitical instability can be more common, democratic institutions may be less established
InfrastructureWell-developed infrastructure (transportation, communication, energy)Developing infrastructure, limited access to basic necessities like clean water and sanitation in some regions
EducationHigh literacy rates, well-funded education systemsLower literacy rates, limited access to quality education
HealthcareAdvanced healthcare systems, high life expectancyBasic healthcare systems, lower life expectancy
TechnologyHighly developed technological infrastructure and innovationDeveloping technological infrastructure, limited access to technology in some regions
Income InequalityLower income inequalityHigher income inequality
Environmental SustainabilityStronger environmental regulations and policiesWeaker environmental regulations, greater environmental challenges

Similarities Between Developed Countries and Developing Countries

Global Economic Integration

Both developed and developing countries participate in the global economy, engaging in international trade and financial transactions. They are interconnected through global markets, contributing to the exchange of goods, services, and capital.

Technological Advancements

In the contemporary world, technological progress is a common thread among nations. Both developed and developing countries strive to harness the latest technologies to enhance productivity, improve living standards, and address societal challenges.

Economic Policies

Governments in both types of countries implement economic policies to stimulate growth, manage inflation, and ensure financial stability. While the specific strategies may differ, the overarching goal is to create a conducive environment for economic development.

What is a Developed Country?

A developed country cited as an industrialized country is a country that has a strong and sophisticated economy measured by GDP and per capita income. As they have a high per capita income, they have a high living standard.[1]

Generally, a developed country is highly industrialized. Technological advancement and infrastructure are other strong sections of these countries. Export outweighs import by a greater margin. Developed countries harbor multinational business entities.

These countries have a diverse service sectors. Citizens enjoy rich and developed services. Surprisingly, despite having a strong industrial infrastructure, the service sector makes more profit than industries. This situation is called Post-Industrialization.

Most developed countries have a strong judicial system and a transparent government system. Security, law, and order are relatively stronger. Democracy is established.

All of these result in a higher HDI (Human Development Index). With an average income of more than the average expense, people live in better social and economic conditions.

The economical gap between high, middle, and low-income citizens is not too large. Both the economy and social standards continue to support each othe

Economic Indicators

One of the key defining features of developed countries is their robust and diversified economies. These nations boast high GDP per capita, indicating a higher standard of living for their citizens. The economic structure is characterized by a well-established industrial base, advanced technology, and a significant contribution from the service sector. Developed countries also tend to have lower unemployment rates and more stable financial systems.

Technological Advancement

Technological innovation is a hallmark of developed nations. These countries invest heavily in research and development, leading to the creation and adoption of cutting-edge technologies across various sectors. Advanced infrastructure, including state-of-the-art transportation networks, telecommunications systems, and energy grids, contributes to the overall efficiency and productivity of the society.

Social Indicators

Developed countries exhibit strong social indicators, including high literacy rates, extensive healthcare systems, and a focus on quality education. Social welfare programs provide a safety net for citizens, ensuring access to healthcare, unemployment benefits, and other essential services. The overall health and life expectancy in developed countries are higher compared to developing nations.

What is a Developed Country

Political Stability

Political stability is a crucial aspect of developed countries. These nations have well-established democratic systems, effective governance structures, and institutions that uphold the rule of law. Political stability fosters a conducive environment for economic growth and social development, attracting investments and promoting a sense of security among the population.

Environmental Sustainability

Sustainability practices are increasingly becoming a priority for developed countries. These nations implement stringent environmental regulations, invest in renewable energy sources, and promote eco-friendly policies. The awareness of environmental issues and the commitment to sustainable practices contribute to a balanced approach to development.

Global Influence

Developed countries play a significant role in global affairs. They are major contributors to international organizations, have influential diplomatic positions, and participate actively in shaping global policies. The economic strength and technological prowess of these nations contribute to their impact on the world stage.

What is a Developing Country?

A country is called a developing country when it has a thriving economy and is improving at a constant pace. But they have a weaker industrial infrastructure and per capita income is relatively lower.

Developing countries have a pre-industrial economy. They have a constantly growing industrial infrastructure. Their industries are mostly light industrial, and lack heavy industries.

The economy of developing countries heavily relies on Agriculture. But still, these countries can not provide enough food for the population and has to import.

Usually, most of the wealth in developing countries are held by a few peoples. So, in statistics per capita income, and GDP look promising but in reality, the living situation of the majority of people is below standard. Even with per capita income having a constant rise, the income of lower and middle economical class people doesn’t raise much.[1]

The government bodies are sometimes corrupted. Democracy is influenced and political parties try to benefit only themselves. Education, health, and other services have a drastic difference between urban and rural areas.

Economic Indicators

One key aspect defining a developing country is its economic status. These nations face challenges such as limited industrialization, high unemployment rates, and dependence on agriculture. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita is significantly lower in developing countries, reflecting the overall economic output divided by the population.

Social Factors

Social indicators play a crucial role in identifying developing countries. Factors like education, healthcare, and life expectancy contribute to the classification. Developing countries grapple with inadequate access to quality education and healthcare services, leading to lower human development levels.

Infrastructure and Technology

The state of infrastructure and technological advancement is another dimension. Developing countries may lack well-established transportation networks, reliable energy sources, and widespread access to technology. These limitations hinder overall development and economic growth.

Political and Governance Challenges

Political instability and governance issues are common in developing countries. Challenges such as corruption, weak institutions, and inadequate legal frameworks can impede economic progress and social development. Building stable and transparent governance structures is crucial for sustainable growth.

Global Trade and Dependency

Developing countries find themselves in positions of economic dependency on developed nations. Unequal terms of trade, limited market access, and external debt can constrain these nations, making it challenging to achieve self-sufficiency and economic autonomy.

What is Developing Country

Environmental Concerns

Many developing countries face environmental challenges, exacerbated by limited resources for sustainable practices. Issues like deforestation, pollution, and inadequate waste management contribute to ecological concerns, affecting both local communities and the global environment.

Efforts and Opportunities

Despite the challenges, developing countries also present opportunities for growth and improvement. International aid, foreign investments, and collaborative efforts can contribute to positive transformations. Implementing effective policies, fostering innovation, and promoting inclusive development are essential steps toward sustainable progress.

Difference Between Developed and Developing country

Economic Factors:

  • Developed Countries:
    • High GDP per capita.
    • Diverse and advanced industries.
    • Well-established infrastructure.
    • Stable and mature financial systems.
  • Developing Countries:
    • Lower GDP per capita.
    • Reliance on agriculture and basic industries.
    • Limited and inadequate infrastructure.
    • Developing financial systems with potential for growth.


  • Developed Countries:
    • High literacy rates.
    • Extensive and advanced educational systems.
    • Accessible and well-equipped schools and universities.
  • Developing Countries:
    • Lower literacy rates.
    • Limited access to quality education.
    • Insufficient infrastructure and resources for education.


  • Developed Countries:
    • Advanced healthcare systems.
    • High life expectancy.
    • Access to state-of-the-art medical facilities.
  • Developing Countries:
    • Limited access to quality healthcare.
    • Lower life expectancy.
    • Challenges in providing basic medical services.

Technology and Innovation:

  • Developed Countries:
    • Leaders in technological advancements.
    • High levels of innovation.
    • Extensive research and development activities.
  • Developing Countries:
    • Reliance on technology transfer.
    • Limited innovation capabilities.
    • Growing efforts in research and development.


  • Developed Countries:
    • Well-developed transportation networks.
    • Advanced communication systems.
    • Reliable energy and water supply.
  • Developing Countries:
    • Inadequate transportation and communication infrastructure.
    • Limited access to reliable energy and water resources.
    • Ongoing efforts to improve infrastructure.

Standard of Living:

  • Developed Countries:
    • High standard of living.
    • Access to a wide range of goods and services.
    • Well-established social welfare systems.
  • Developing Countries:
    • Lower standard of living.
    • Limited access to basic necessities.
    • Developing social welfare systems.

Political Stability:

  • Developed Countries:
    • Stable political environments.
    • Established democratic systems.
    • Strong governance and rule of law.
  • Developing Countries:
    • Political instability is more common.
    • Varied political systems and governance challenges.
    • Rule of law may be less robust.

Global Influence:

  • Developed Countries:
    • Major players in global politics and economics.
    • Influential in international organizations.
    • Often contributors to global initiatives.
  • Developing Countries:
    • Limited global influence.
    • Emerging presence in international forums.
    • Dependence on developed countries for support.


  1. https://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/abs/10.1086/451180?journalCode=edcc
  2. https://datahelpdesk.worldbank.org/knowledgebase/articles/906519#High_income