Cross vs Crucifix – Difference and Comparison

What is Cross?

Cross is a form of Christian symbolism and iconography, most representing the instrument of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ. It is one of the most ancient symbols of Christianity. It is used in various contexts, including liturgical decoration, funerary art, and as an emblem on flags, jewelry, and other objects.

Crosses come in various shapes and sizes and have been made from various materials, including wood, metal, stone, and ceramic. As an icon of Christianity, the Cross is used to represent Jesus’ sacrifice and death on the Cross. The shape of the Cross is mainly associated with the crucifixion, and it can symbolize the ultimate victory of life over death.

The Cross is also a symbol of salvation and redemption in many Christian denominations. Crosses have also been used as symbols of protection and as symbols of hope and comfort in times of suffering or sorrow.

Many churches use crosses to adorn their buildings, and many Christians wear crosses around their necks as a reminder of their faith and Jesus’ death on the Cross. Crosses are also used as decorations and symbols of patriotism in many countries.

What is Crucifix?

The Crucifix is a representation of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ. It is a cross representing Jesus’ body affixed to it. The body is made of bronze or wood and is painted in gold or silver. The Crucifix is one of the most iconic symbols of Christianity and is used in religious ceremonies, art, and architecture.

The crucifixion of Jesus is described in the New Testament of the Bible. According to the Bible, Jesus was sentenced to death by crucifixion. The Crucifix is a symbol of Jesus’ death and a reminder of his resurrection. After Jesus’ death, he was buried in a tomb, and three days later, he rose from the dead. The act is known as the resurrection, a crucial part of the Christian faith.

The Crucifix is also a symbol of hope and redemption. The Crucifix is seen in Catholic churches and other places of worship. It is placed at the front of the church, at the altar, or in other prominent locations. The Crucifix is also a popular art form, with many sculptures and paintings depicting the scene of Jesus’ death.

Difference Between Cross and Crucifix

  1. Crosses are associated with an abstract concept of faith and religion, while Crucifixes are a reminder of Christ’s suffering and death.
  2. Crosses come in various shapes and sizes, while Crucifixes are a Cross with a figure of Jesus Christ.
  3. Crosses are seen in churches, chapels, and other places of worship, while Crucifixes are not as common in those settings.
  4. Crosses can be made from various materials, including wood, metal, and stone, while Crucifixes are made from metal or wood with a figure of Jesus.
  5. Crosses are used in ceremonies such as baptisms and weddings, while Crucifixes are seen in places associated with death and mourning, such as gravesites.

Comparison Between Cross and Crucifix

Parameters of ComparisonCrossCrucifix
Often seen asAre seen as a sign of hope.Are seen as a reminder of the ultimate sacrifice of Jesus Christ.
StructureIt is made of wood, with two intersecting beams.A specific type of Cross that features a representation of Jesus Christ on it.
SymbolizeThey are used as a symbol of Christianity.They are explicitly used to symbolize the death of Jesus Christ.
RepresentationVarious religious denominations.They are associated with Roman Catholicism.
Used asIt can be used as decorations or jewelry.Often have a spiritual significance.


  1. Crucifixion in the Mediterranean World – John Granger Cook – Google Books
  2. Cross-analysis. – PsycNET (