AVI vs MPG – Difference and Comparison

What is AVI?

 Audio Video Interleave is a private variety of communication products format and Windows specification released by Microsoft in 1992 as part of their Video for Windows product. It is also known for its acronyms and filename extension AVI.

AVI files may hold both sound – visual data in a single file container, allowing for simultaneous audio and video playing. AVI files, like DVD video formats, may handle multiple streams of audio and video, however these features are rarely used.

Many AVI files employ the Matrox OpenDML filetypes extensions, which were created in February 1996. Microsoft supports these files, which are referred to as “AVI 2.0” informally. The Records Office and Documents Government of the United States designated AVI as the official wrapping for conserving digital video in 2010.

A RIFF header is used to start an AVI file, which is subsequently broken into two necessary pieces one and an alternative piece. The “hdrl” label, which holds the information necessary by the codecs to decompress the AVI video for display, identifies the initial chunk.

The “movi” tag identifies the second sub-chunk, which contains the real visual and audio information that makes up the AVI video. The “idx1” label, which indices the datasets’ locations within the file, identifies the third additional chunk. 

The sound/video data included in the “movi” block can be encrypted or decrypted by a program named a codec, which is an acronym for (en)coder/decoder, using the RIFF standard.

What is MPG?

MPG video files are files incorporated with Mpeg compression algorithms requirements and data processing technologies, and the.mpg extension is attached to these files.

MPG files, which seem to be streaming video lossless encoding standards and techniques produced by the Moving Image Expertise, include MPEG-1 and Mpeg video encoding standards. MPG files are disseminated over the Web as movie streaming, streaming movies, and electronic streaming video elements embedded in Web sites.

These MPG files have interoperability compatibility and playing capabilities built into Windows Media Player, which implies you can access the content online of folders in the.mpg format. Apple Qt Player is a pass streaming media player with compatibility and playing capabilities for MPG files, allowing Windows and Mac people to access and display video material saved in files ending in.mpg.

Double-click an.mpg file or any document on the computer to open it. If all file connections are accurate, the program that is supposed to open your.mpg file will. It’s conceivable that you’ll have to acquire or buy the appropriate program.

It’s also conceivable that you still have the right program installed on your computer, but the.mpg files aren’t yet linked to it. Whenever users start opening the a.mpg file in this situation, you may inform Windows which program is appropriate for that file. After that, when you open the a.mpg file, it will launch the relevant program.

Difference Between AVI and MPG

  1. The major difference between both is that AVI is Audio/Video Interleave, whereas MPG is another name for MPEG.
  2. AVI has a lower compression rate than MPG.
  3. AVI belongs to Microsoft whereas MPG to the Moving Picture Group.
  4. AVI supports every platform whereas MPG is only DVD burning platform.
  5. AVI has codec format issues whereas MPG has digital inconsistency.

Comparison Between AVI and MPG

Parameters of ComparisonAVIMPG
Abbreviation forAudio Video InterleaveMPEG
DefineAVI is a Microsoft-developed
video wrap file that may be
wrapped in a variety of formats. The AVI video format is
among the most widely used.
MPG is a common digital make 
the whole process for audio and
video compression and transmission.
For optically compression
algorithms, this comprises the
normal and shared file formats.
FounderMicrosoftMoving Picture Group
CompressionLowHigher than AVI
SupportsEach platformDVD burning platform
ProblemsCODEC format issuesDigital Inconsistency


  1. https://pure.mpg.de/rest/items/item_59351/component/file_59352/content
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1045926X09000810