ABH vs GBH – Difference and Comparison

What is ABH?

‘ABH is defined in its entirety as harm to one’s own body. It promises to do what it does: leave a lasting impression on the victim. Abh is a crime that involves inflicting a little hurt on another person. The use of a weapon is prohibited. In addition, the person does not intend to injure the other individual. If you apply too much force, you could wind up hurting yourself. When someone is enraged and slaps or pushes another, that is an example of this crime.

As a result, the penalties are far less severe. A monetary fine or a jail sentence of up to ten years is conceivable. One must keep in mind that the damage will not be permanent. In Europe and Australia, this phrase is most used, and section 47 of the Offenses Against Persons Act lists it as a crime.

Here, it’s critical to have evidence to back up your claims. It’s important to know who hurt the victim, how, and whether or not the attack was provoked or purposeful. It is also essential to see if they were intoxicated, how much damage they caused, and whether or not they were drunk when they committed the crime.

What is GBH?

GBH stands for ‘grievous bodily harm,’ which is the whole phrase. It’s a far more severe form of injury. In most cases, a person is purposefully harmed, and a weapon may be used in the attack. Because they have to deal with a medical problem, it hurts the victim. It isn’t

fatal for them, though, Some serious crimes have this element, and it is so named because the harm it causes the victim’s bodily and mental well-being is irreversible. Indefensible acts of violence are perpetrated.

Penalties for violating this law might range from life in prison to a hefty fine. Australia and the United Kingdom have different standards for how they should be treated, and there are clauses in the Offense Against A Person Act dealing with it. Among the words that come to me are wound, seriousness, and maliciousness.

It’s also essential to have proof of the crime committed. Detailed evidence of who attacked him, how or whether the attacker has been provoked, what weapon was used, photos of the injuries, the extent of the damage, whether or not the assailant was intoxicated, and how much medical attention he required are all necessary components of a successful investigation. A combination of all relevant elements determines the final punishment.

Difference Between ABH and GBH

  1. ABH is a less severe injury. although a GBH is a more severe injury
  2. ABH carries a five-year maximum sentence. An unlimited fine or life in jail are possible punishments for GBH.
  3. In ABH, the harm is sometimes unintended; in GBH, it is intentional.
  4. The ABH victim had minor injuries. In GBH, the victim requires extensive medical care.
  5. The ABH is found in the Offenses Against Persons Act section 47. Aside from Sections 18 and 20, GBH is covered by both sections of the Offense Against the Persons Act (OAP).

Comparison Between ABH and GBH

Parameters of comparisonABHGBH
SeriousnessDamage of this nature is less severe.A much more serious form of injury has taken place.
Maximum PunishmentABH carries a maximum sentence of five years in jail as the punishment.The maximum sentence for GBH is life imprisonment and an infinite amount of fines and restitution.
IntentionIn this case, the harm may have been done accidentally.When something bad happens, the vast majority of the time, it is done on purpose.
Condition of victimThe victim has sustained minor injuries.The victim must receive extensive medical attention.
SectionsOffence Against Persons Act Section 47 is criminal law.In the Offenses Against Persons Act, Sections 18 and 20 include the relevant provisions.


  1. https://www.ojp.gov/ncjrs/virtual-library/abstracts/criminal-liability-transmitting-disease
  2. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/add.12951